History of chess
This interesting game is two thousand years old. It originates from India (the first data are found in the Vedas). In the very beginning, and long after it had an exclusive character – the game was given to caste Kshatriyas (warriors) to study war strategy:. Subsequent data about chess are located in the Persian literature, where chess have developed from similar games with tiles. Later, chess have moved over Arabia to North Africa and after Moorish conquest transferred to Europe (Spain) and then continue to expand. In Russia comes somewhat later, direct from Persia. Celtic kings were regularly played chess, but in the Middle Ages, it makes one of Septem artes probitates (7 skills) that are formed chivalric upbringing. King Ferdinand and Isabella of Spain, Voltaire, Napoleon, Benjamin Franklin were fascinated by chess.
The game itself is loaded with symbolic meanings. Black and white checkerboard scheme resembles a mandala as a framed picture of the cosmos, pointing to fight darkness and fog (yin and yang), conflict of instinct and reason, order and cases, manifestation of various options a fortune … Squares indicate the four corners of the world, while 64 fields symbolizing the cosmic union (the scheme is applied in the construction of early Hindu temples). Recall that the total number of variations of Chinese hexagrams in the Book of Changes is the 64th.
What are the benefits of playing chess?
- Chess is a powerful tool by which we practice problem solving (problem situations);
- Chess strongly contributes to the development of children’s cognitive skills (reasoning, deduction, induction, …);
- Chess teaches children values of serious work;
- Chess contributes to the strengthening of self-esteem through self-realization;
- Chess makes a child realize personal responsibility for your own actions and that he must accept the consequences thereof;
- Chess builds team spirit, while at the same time strengthens the individuality;
- Helps children in the creation and strengthening of social experiences as a chessboard (a chessboard, field) actually frame the conflict situation – ie. create conditions for a peaceful, secure discussion;
- Drastically affect the concentration, visualization, anticipation, prudence, analysis, abstract thinking, planning, engage intuition;
- It helps the child and teacher (adult) to get to know each other through the training situation;
- Chess makes children smarter !!!
How to teach children to play chess?
There are a lot of discussion and a lot of ideas about how to children, particularly younger, introduce in chess. The main problem at the beginning was how to maintain the enthusiasm and interest of the child, as long as it does not develop the skills they need to REALLY start to win the game.
Kids learn chess looks different from adults: while the adults pre elaborate strategies, expertise, focusing on detail through which come to a general plan, the children begin to play more at the global level, playing intuitive which allows the child to the rapidly expanding their knowledge base. In chess, similar in music and mathematics, previous experience is not a limiting factor, and excellent achievements are possible when with very young. Children can learn chess, even with 3-4 years.